Technical advances have improved the accuracy, speed and efficiency in the analysis of sperm motility, morphology and genetics.
Advances in sperm analysis improve sperm selection for infertility treatment by measuring sperm behaviour and biomarkers of fertility potential.
Discoveries in sperm locomotion and behaviour improve understanding of sperm motion and guidance within the female reproductive tract.
Analyses of sperm structure and molecules such as CatSper channels and ubiquitin increase understanding of sperm physiology and contribute to the identification of biomarkers of fertility potential.
Further progress in sperm analysis promises non-invasive testing for sperm selection, increased efficiency and accuracy via automation and artificial intelligence, and improved access to point-of-care assays.